In the late 1800s, when the people of eastern Quebec realised the money that could be made from what was known locally as “cotton rock”, they decided to name their settlement after it. They never could have guessed what it might one day mean to come from a town called Asbestos.
All these years later, Canada is still mining, manufacturing and exporting asbestos.
At the American Public Health Association conference last week, a resolution (you can download it here) was passed calling for a global ban on asbestos mining, and manufacturing, and the export of asbestos containing products.
Canada received particular mention for continuing to export the stuff to developing countries while banning its local use, and also for blocking the inclusion of chrysotile asbestos in a list of hazardous substances requiring prior informed consent when exporting them under the Rotterdam convention.
But Dr Yossi Berger, an occupational health and safety expert with the Australian Workers’ Union, believes it’s time to shift the debate beyond bans, and to start looking at removing asbestos from buildings and anywhere else it may be putting lives at risk. He writes:
“It’s a good thing that the American Public health Association is calling for a total ban on asbestos containing materials (ACMs). But it’s now time to shift the paradigm. There are millions of acres and hundreds of thousands of tonnes of ACMs currently in use around the world. These, I believe, are ‘faulty’ products that should never have been manufactured. The Australian Workers’ Union recently called for a once and for all total removal.
Hundreds of thousands more people will be killed by ACMs. Currently hundreds of thousands of people are the walking wounded as a direct result of exposure to ACMs. They painfully understand the preciousness of every single unobstructed breath of air. Their lives and that of their families’ have become nurseries for terror.
Drago told me that, “Each night I don’t know what the morning will bring for me”, and he adds in a rasping voice between laboured breaths and coughing, “I feel guilty when I look into my wife’s eyes and see the pain”.
I believe that ACMs are unsafe in any condition. This is so despite painting over them, despite cladding over with safer products, and despite various poorly implemented laws and regulations.
No one can tell me which single asbestos fibre entering someone’s lung right now is the one that will not kill them, but if you don’t breathe any fibres you will not suffer an asbestos-related disease. Doesn’t it follow that whilst extremely dangerous such products can be made safe by reducing exposure to fibres? Yes, in theory.
But the time I inspect such presumed ‘safe’ ACMs in industry I see a great deal of damaged material, constantly vibrated and shaken material releasing fibres, I see it in broken bits on the ground, split and stuck back on with tape, I see the empty spaces where warning signs should be, I ask in vain for records of the presence and supervision of such materials, I try to find informed people, informed workers about the risks of such materials; in my dreams! These ‘safe’ materials are temporarily safe only if these things happen, and they typically don’t. What do I tell the worker who asks me, ‘Can the little bit extra fibres I’ve breathed kill me?’
It’s for these reasons that the AWU makes the case that such materials are ‘unsafe at any speed’. They present permanent mortal risks that too frequently eventuate. The AWU has called for what amounts to a total product recall, a total removal program over a 20 year period.
We have called on the federal government to implement a national removal program. Such a program must be developed as a Prioritised Removal Program (PRP). Once ACMs are discovered the program commences. We argue that all buildings – once assessed and the PRP is triggered – (starting with industry, public spaces and schools) must have an asbestos designation and an ACMs identifier that’s colour coded as red (immediate removal), amber (3-6 months) or green (6-18 months), an Asbestos Presence Ticket. This must be prominently displayed.
We need to move past banning and into total removal. But a ban is good start.”