Maybe pilotless passenger carrying flights on major city pairs like Melbourne-Sydney will be part of a transport revolution that is likely to include self-navigating or driverless cars before 2050.
That possibility needs to be kept in mind after Airbus started full scale testing of the electric propulsion system for its four passenger CityAirbus concept at its helicopter division’s plant in Donauwörth, Germany in recent days.
Everything Airbus has said about this project to date is about its application within cities, such as hoisting the time poor over traffic jams to “airports or train stations in a fast, affordable and environmentally friendly way.”
But why stop at such modest objectives. If the technology works as intended (and it undoubtedly will) there is no reason why it wouldn’t apply just as reliably for 400 passengers at a time between Sydney and Melbourne or Paris and London.
Four people at a time, and at just 120 kmh, from let’s say a meeting in Docklands to Tullamarine Airport seems remarkably limited in scope, given that there are dozens of jetloads of infuriated would be passengers every day trying to get to Melbourne’s main airport along one of the most chronically poorly envisaged and operated roadways in any Australian city since Sydney’s Tank Stream was buried under Bridge Street.
The CityAirbus has so far flown, well, not yet flown, under the radar compared to self driving car technology. Everyone knows ‘driverless’ cars are coming, despite the odd atrocity here and there.
Driverless cars will not just totally disrupt notions of private car ownership with their car-asset-sharing possibilities, but allow those who keep killing themselves and others by using mobile phones at the wheel to actually live their stunted lives hunched over tiny silver screens in complete safety as they are transported by robot cars on their commutes.
There is no technological barrier to something similar happening to aircraft, other than possibly the mother and father of all industrial disputes involving professional pilots.
Airbus has chosen its words well, if sparingly, in the following statement, and we might surmise, to avoid stampeding the horses or otherwise causing alarm.
But think of it this way. There are still alive today (although only barely alive) relics from generations where lifts in high rise buildings were all manually operated by lift drivers. They often wore uniforms, just like pilots. They were there for your safety. Presumably to stop lifts plummeting down lift wells, something that did happen on rare occasions. As in the plummeting bit, not the heroic bit.
Airbus is talking about fixed routes. Just like lifts, the very embodiment of a fixed route is ever there was one. We have glimpsed the future!
Project on track for maiden flight in 2018
London, Airbus Helicopters has recently completed the first full-scale testing for the propulsion system of the CityAirbus demonstrator – a multi-passenger, self-piloted electric vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) vehicle designed for urban air mobility. During this successful testing phase, the CityAirbus team thoroughly checked the individual performance of the ducted propellers as well as the integration of the full-scale propulsion unit with two propellers, electric 100 KW Siemens motors and all electrical systems.
CityAirbus is a battery-powered air vehicle able to vertically take off and land. It is designed to carry up to four passengers over congested megacities to important destinations such as airports or train stations in a fast, affordable and environmentally friendly way. The innovative four-ducted propeller configuration significantly contributes to safety and low acoustic footprint.
“We now have a better understanding of the performance of CityAirbus’ innovative electric propulsion system, which we will continue to mature through rigorous testing while beginning the assembly of the full-scale CityAirbus flight demonstrator” says Marius Bebesel, CityAirbus chief engineer.
The full-scale demonstrator will be tested on ground initially. In the first half of the coming year the development team expects to reach the “power on” milestone, meaning that all motors and electric systems will be switched on for the first time. The first flight is scheduled for the end of 2018. In the beginning, the test aircraft will be remotely piloted, later on a test pilot will be on board.
CityAirbus will be designed to carry up to four passengers on fixed routes with a cruising speed of 120 km/h. It will be initially operated by a pilot to ease certification and public acceptance, paving the way to future fully-autonomous operations.